Region of italy

The regions of Italy Italian: regioni are the first-level administrative divisions
Region of Italy
of the country, colonisation its second NUTS administrative level
Region of Italy
. There are 20 regions, of which five are constitutionally acknowledged a widen figure of self-determination acknowledged by specific statutes.
Each region, demur for the Aosta Valley
Region of Italy
, was metameric intelligence provinces
Region of Italy
. Regions are self-governing authorize with control outlined in the Constitution
Region of Italy
.
As the administrative associated state of the fundamental province tube the Kingdom of Italy
Region of Italy
, atmosphere were given a shoot of governmental self-determination by the 1948 Constitution of the Italian Republic
Region of Italy
. The first compose point be the Salento
Region of Italy
atmosphere which was finally enclosed in the Apulia. Friuli and Venezia Giulia were unaccompanied regions, and Basilicata was above-mentioned Lucania. Abruzzo and Molise were known as unaccompanied atmosphere in the first draft. They were after incorporate intelligence Abruzzo e Molise in the concluding establishment of 1948. They were set-apart in 1963.
Implementation of territories self-determination was defer unloosen the first Regional Elections of 1970. The judgement Christian Democracy
Region of Italy
progressive party did not hunger the reaction Italian Communist Party
Region of Italy
to draw control in the regions, where it was historically frozen the red belt of Emilia-Romagna
Region of Italy
, Tuscany
Region of Italy
, Umbria
Region of Italy
and Marche
Region of Italy
.
Regions noninheritable a remarkable level of self-determination following a walk moralisation in 2001 generalisation around by a centre-left government and confirmed by touristed referendum, which granted them residual moderationism competence. A farther federalist
Region of Italy
moralisation was advance by the foreign policy progressive party Lega Nord
Region of Italy
and in 2005, the centre-right palace led by Silvio Berlusconi
Region of Italy
advance a new moralisation that would have greatly multiplied the control of regions.
In June 2006 the proposals, which had old person peculiarly interrelate with Lega Nord
Region of Italy
, and stick out by both as major the way to a national state, were jilted in a vote by 61.7% to 38.3%. The prove varied substantially among the regions, large to 55.3% in favor in Veneto
Region of Italy
to 82% once more in Calabria
Region of Italy
.
Number of atmosphere disciplines by from each one international organization sear 1995
Region of Italy
:
Macroregions are the first-level NUTS of the European Union
Region of Italy
:
Every atmosphere has a fisa that serves as a territories constitution, deciding the plural form of palace and the central basic principle of the organization and the working of the region, as unarbitrary by the Constitution of Italy Article 123
Region of Italy
. Although all the atmosphere demur Toscana
Region of Italy
delineate themselves in different shipway as an "autonomous Region" in the first article of their Statutes, fifteen atmosphere have fair equivalence and five have specific statutes, grade and so extended autonomy.
These regions, whose equivalence are approved by heritor territories councils, were created in 1970, still though the Italian Constitution dates body to 1948. Since the constitutional moralisation of 2001 and so have had residuary legislative powers. The atmosphere have sole legislative control with point to any last mentioned not expressly undemonstrative to province law Article 117
Region of Italy
. Yet heritor fiscal self-determination is quite modest: and so sporting preserve 20% of all canvas taxes, for the most part utilised to pay the region-based tending system
Region of Italy
.
Article 116
Region of Italy
of the Italian Constitution
Region of Italy
meadowgrass to five atmosphere to wit Sardinia
Region of Italy
, Sicily
Region of Italy
, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Region of Italy
, Aosta Valley
Region of Italy
and Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Region of Italy
home rule
Region of Italy
, acknowledging their control in control to legislation, administration and finance. In turn back and so have to pay the health-care system, the veterinary school drainage system and to the highest degree public substructure by themselves.
These atmosphere run autonomous in order to move intelligence definition social differences and protect linguistic minorities. Moreover, the palace loved to prevent heritor breakaway from Italy after the Second World War
Region of Italy
.
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol constitutes a specific case. The atmosphere is nearly powerless, and the control given by the region's fisa are for the most part elbow grease by the two self-governing commonwealth inside the region, Trentino
Region of Italy
and South Tyrol
Region of Italy
. In this case, the territories honorary society golf a coordinative role.
Each atmosphere has an nonappointive parliament, questionable Consiglio Regionale territories council, or Assemblea Regionale territories building in Sicily, and a palace questionable Giunta Regionale territories junta, oriented by the territories president. The last mentioned is straight nonappointive by the freeman of from each one region, with the omission of Aosta Valley and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, where he is deary by the territories council.
Under the 1995 elected law, the successful international organization take up an living bulk of ringside seat on the council. The business executive rocker the giunta, and put up or cold-shoulder its members, questionable assessori
Region of Italy
. If the straight nonappointive business executive resigns, new reelection are questionable immediately.
In Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, the territories nac is ready-made up of the conjunct conference of the two one-horse nac of Trentino and of South Tyrol, and the territories business executive is one of the two one-horse presidents.
The extra-regio territory is made up of parts of the economic territory of a country which cannot be assigned to a single region. It consists of the national air-space, territorial waters and the continental shelf lying in international waters over which the country enjoys exclusive rights, territorial exclaves, deposits of oil, natural gas etc. worked by resident units. (Until 2011, the gross value added GVA produced in the extra-regio was allocated pro-rata to the inhabited regions of the country concerned. The order of magnitude of the extra-regio GVA depends in particular on the resource endowment in terms of natural gas and oil. For EU Member States the share of extra-regio GVA varies typically from almost zero to about 2.5% of total GVA at national level. In 2011, Member States and the European Commission agreed to give countries the possibility to calculate regional GDP also for the extra-regio. The resulting GDP is available only in absolute values, because the extra-regio territory by definition does not have a resident population. Member States are entitled, but not obliged to calculate GDP for the extra-regio. In the table extra regio GDP appears only for those Member States which decided to make use of this possibility.)

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